Achieving outcome 2

To achieve the targets under outcome 2, PAGE supports countries and provinces with sectoral and thematic diagnostics, assessments, and policy analysis, and with advisory support integrated into the design and advancement of sectoral and thematic policies, strategies and plans.

The mobilization of partners to support IGE transformation, including donors, international organizations, civil society, academic and research institutions, and the private sector, has been another key area of support.

To summarize the progress of the achievements of outcome 2 so far by end of 2018:

  • 24 sectoral or thematic policies that support IGE priorities have been supported by PAGE in 13 countries (14 additional policies in 7 countries in 2018).
  • 58 reports (20 additional reports in 2018) completed, providing sectoral or thematic IGE diagnostics, assessments, and policy analysis.
  • 89 consultations (29 additional consultations in 2018) were held to share results of sectoral policy analysis.
  • 24 partners in 8 countries (6 additional partners in 2018) formally agreed to co-financing, complementary follow-up programming, pledges, PPPs etc.

In-country activities in the following countries support the achieving of PAGE outcome 2:

Mongolia

Outcome 2: Sectoral reform

PAGE has supported partner ministries in advancing policy development and reform in specific sectors and thematic areas identified by the government of Mongolia, including green buildings and construction (with a focus on schools), sustainable public procurement, waste management, and trade and sustainable finance.

The support has been provided in the form of:

  • policy and market assessments
  • high-level stakeholder engagement
  • knowledge product generation, including feasibility studies
  • multi-stakeholder consultations, national alliances and working groups on relevant topics
  • expert workshops

Peru

Outcome 2: Sectoral reform

PAGE has supported policy reform in priority sectors, including green industry development, waste management, forest management and sustainable trade. PAGE has promoted green jobs through support for the adoption of the National Teleworking Pact and the development of the National Green Jobs Plan, as well as the development of regional youth employment plans.

PAGE has also developed a study on water management and its impacts on the competitiveness and sustainability of the agricultural sector on the Peruvian coast.

PAGE support has been provided in the form of policy assessments, high-level stakeholder engagements, capacity building, knowledge product generation, consultations and dialogues, and garnering partnership support including the establishment of co-funding with key partners.

Senegal

Outcome 2: Sectoral reform

With a young active population, Senegal’s leadership is seeking opportunities for new job creation in a green economy. To uncover these opportunities, PAGE helped to formulate a National Strategy on Green Jobs, which has been integrated into the new National Employment Policy.

PAGE has supported the implementation of this plan by the National Programme for the Promotion of Green Jobs, in particular by providing business development support to young entrepreneurs in the areas of waste management and recycling, renewable energy services and resource management.

To support monitoring and implementation, PAGE is also putting into place a mechanism for data collection and statistical analysis of green jobs creation, in collaboration with the National Agency for Statistics and Demography.

Ghana

Outcome 2: Sectoral reform

In Ghana, PAGE has advanced workstreams in green finance, green industry and entrepreneurship, and green economy learning that support the achievement of the national development priorities.

Working with the Ministry of Trade and Industry and other stakeholders, PAGE has leveraged both technical and financial support from other initiatives, such as ILO’s Just Transition project, to produce an in-depth assessment of the skills and job requirements for the country to implement its NDCs. By exposing skills and training gaps, the assessment will enable the government and national training institutions to adjust their policies and programmes to better equip people to take up the opportunities offered by the transition to a just and inclusive green economy.

In support of the green financial sector, PAGE and partners conducted a scoping study on green finance opportunities micro-, small- and medium-scale enterprises (MSMEs). Working with diverse groups of stakeholders, PAGE has used the sustainability principles incorporated in the banking sector in Ghana as a starting off point to examine the policy options for green finance support to MSMEs. Looking ahead, PAGE will continue to work with relevant stakeholders to support a robust green finance mechanism for MSMEs in Ghana in place.

Mauritius

Outcome 2: Sectoral reform

An earlier UN Environment-led green economy assessment identified seven economic sectors pivotal to a green economy transition: agriculture, energy, transport, manufacturing, tourism, and waste and water management.

PAGE has worked with national stakeholders to leverage private and public finance to support the green economy transition in Mauritius, notably supporting the Public Environment Expenditure Review and the development of a methodology and comprehensive training programme enabling policy officials to conduct an annual computation of total public-sector expenditure on the environment. Going forward, this will facilitate the integration of climate change measures into the national budget process.

Green industry is another priority for Mauritius, which PAGE has supported through an Industrial Waste Assessment serving as a strategic guide for national policymakers. Developed in partnership with the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Consumer Protection and private sector partners, the assessment quantified the amount and main categories of industrial waste currently being generated in major selected industries and identified opportunities for reuse and recycling of industrial waste within and across industrial sectors.

Going forward, PAGE will support Mauritius by upgrading the national green jobs model to incorporate the impacts on employment stemming from the country's NDCs. This work will be done in close coordination with national counterparts to further develop national capacity to update future green jobs modelling.

Burkina Faso

Outcome 2: Sectoral reform

Taking up key elements of the National Green Economy Strategy, PAGE has supported sectoral and thematic policy reforms through diagnoses and policy analysis assistance.

Agriculture, which accounts for over 30% of GDP in Burkina Faso and employs over 90% of the labour force, provides a clear entry point for green economy action. To this end, PAGE is working to integrate green economy principles into the implementation of the second National Rural Sector Programme through capacity building and policy analysis.

To advance sustainable trade, PAGE is currently supporting the MEEVCC in formulating a strategy for developing market access for non-timber forest products.

PAGE has supported the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Handicrafts in conducting a green industry diagnosis and developing a green industry strategy. As a result, green economy was integrated into the National Industrial Strategy, which was validated by all relevant national stakeholders in September 2018 and is expected to be adopted by the government in 2019.

Other priority sectors—mining, transport, energy, forestry and waste industries—have been the focus of PAGE’s work on green fiscal policy, which has included research and proposals for environmental taxation instruments to boost sustainable consumption and production patterns in line with PNDES.

China, Jiangsu Province

Outcome 2: Sectoral reform

In 2018, the Policy Research Center for Environment and Economy (PRCEE), with support from PAGE, finalized the Jiangsu Green Industrial Park Assessment and Policy Guideline. The official report (in Chinese and English) will be launched at the PAGE Seminar on Green Industrial Parks in Beijing in April 2019.

A pilot study, which will assess the performance of four industrial parks in Jiangsu, was also commissioned in 2018. The final output will inform the implementation strategy and capacity building needs for industrial park managers to improve park sustainability performance.

In June 2018, PAGE agencies, together with PRCEE and the Jiangsu International Environmental Development Center, held a multi-stakeholder dialogue and training workshop to promote peer learning among relevant stakeholders. Trainings were provided on cross-cutting issues, such as innovative water management and green finance.

Consultations held during the workshop have advanced planning for the establishment of the upcoming PAGE Coalition of Green Industrial Parks. This will support the broader efforts of PAGE and Jiangsu Province towards a green industry transition.

At the policy level, green finance has been a key means to  incentive green transition and investment in sectors like green transport, green buildings, pollution control and clean technologies. The Bank of Jiangsu - the second Chinese bank signatory to The Equator Principles - has seen a 10-fold growth of its green credit issuance to over USD 10 billion during the period of 2013-2018.

South Africa

Outcome 2: Sectoral reform

PAGE has recently focused on South Africa's water crisis. This work has included a collaboration with the Department of Environmental Affairs to update the previously-developed South Africa Green Economy Modelling (SAGEM) report, using a system dynamics modelling approach to better model the water-biodiversity nexus. The model will include a sub-national focus on the provinces worst affected by the crisis.

This work began with a preliminary stakeholder workshop that identified several priority policy processes, such as the Master Water Plan from Department of Water and Sanitation. At the sub-national level, the model will inform the Western Cape Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan and Ecological Infrastructure Investment Framework, currently under development and planned to conclude toward the end of 2019.

Also in 2018:

  • PAGE contributed to a Roundtable Discussion on Skills in Renewable Energy Technologies (RET), which was hosted by the National Business Initiative. PAGE support included a diagnostic on the RET sector to identify areas of growth/development, and implications for skills.
  • A validation workshop on Bio-composite Action Plan and Implementation Strategy took place. The Plan aims to both reinforce existing initiatives and offer suggestions for new approaches.
  • PAGE collaborated with National Planning Commission to support their efforts in engaging with stakeholders in the context of a social compact including pathways for a just transition to a low-carbon society. The dialogue specifically focused on engaging young people on issues relating to sustainability.
  • PAGE supported a high-level, multi-stakeholder debate convened under the auspices of the OR Tambo Debate Series, organized by the Wits University School of Governance. The debate focused on the theme of renewable energy and industrialization in South Africa and the National Development Plan, which commits the country to diversifying its energy mix and expanding renewables.

Brazil, Mato Grosso State

Outcome 2: Sectoral reform

In 2018, priority was given to the thematic areas of:

(i) Family Agriculture, where focus has been placed on:

  • the development of protocols and standards for the State Integrated System of Family Agriculture.

(ii) Sustainable Tourism, where focus has been placed on:

  • the preparation of guidelines for standardization and certification of sustainable tourism products;
  • the elaboration and promotion of financial strategies for sustainable certification in key products.

(iii) Renewable Energy, where the focus has been placed on:

  • initiating the process of adopting renewable energy policies and incorporating IGE principles;
  • assessing the technical and economic potential for the generation and use of solar energy and other biomass sources in Mato Grosso;
  • elaborating the Strategic Plan for the Development of Renewable Energy in Mato Grosso.

(iv) Spatial Land Use Planning, where focus has been placed on:

  • supporting the Rural Environmental Registration (CAR), which will allow small farmers to access financial and technical tools and supports sustainable buildings, sustainable agriculture products and sustainable tourism products.

(vi) Urban Preservation and Management, where focus has been placed on:

  • the elaboration of the Management Plan of the Historical Center of Cuiabá-MT, including provisions for the rehabilitation of buildings, trainings and evaluation of sustainable technologies and a pilot project.

Kyrgyz Republic

Outcome 2: Sectoral reform

In 2018, PAGE jointly with the OECD and the Ministry of Economy, organized a Policy Dialogue, where a draft of the Sustainable Finance Roadmap was presented, becoming an integral part of upcoming Government Programme towards Green Economy.

PAGE also developed a final draft of the Green Economy Learning Needs Assessment for the Kyrgyz Republic, in partnership with the American University of Central Asia.  The recommendations of the report will be taken up through PAGE capacity building activities.

To work towards a green apparel industry in the Kyrgyz Republic, PAGE supported the organization of Apparel Week.

Also in 2018, the project “Enhancing sustainable public procurement for the regional transition to inclusive green economy in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia”, led by UNEP, in partnership with ECE and GGKP, was established. This project will support analysis of legislation on sustainable public procurement and identify priority products and technical specifications for public procurement.

Barbados

Outcome 2: Sectoral reform

Over the next three years, the new government of Barbados, together with PAGE, will focus on supporting the following sectoral reform processes and related outputs:

  • developing a green industry assessment with a focus on manufacturing value chains and with the view of also creating jobs for youth and women;
  • developing a labour force survey module on “Employment in the Environmental Sector and Green Jobs in Barbados”, in partnership with the Barbados Statistical Services; and
  • conducting a green-blue economy sectoral study on fisheries to inform policymaking and potentially catalyse investments in the sector.

The objective of this work is to establish evidence-based green and blue economy baseline assessments, plan resource efficient interventions in the Agri/Fisheries value chains, and strengthen the inclusive Green and Blue Economy Principles in policy design and implementation.

Uruguay

Outcome 2: Sectoral Reform

Uruguay has embraced the concept of circular economy, given its potential to generate new businesses and jobs in an environmentally-conscious way. To contribute to its development, PAGE is engaged at various levels, including the facilitation of circular economy mainstreaming into the overarching programme Transforma Uruguay, which is focused on promoting a productive transformation of the country’s economy with the main goal of increasing competitiveness, as well as engagement with the project BioValor, which is a key promoter of the circular economy at the national level. PAGE has also supported the analysis of global value chains and waste valorization.

Also in 2018, PAGE has been actively involved in the promotion of the greening of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) by supporting the process of elaboration of a software solution to improve their energy efficiency.

PAGE has also been contributing towards the design and implementation of policies to solve problems of coexistence of industrial activities and residential areas as well as supporting the elaboration of a Strategic Environmental Assessment for the forest-wood-cellulose chain and an analysis of the incorporation of climate change considerations in the scenarios of the National Development Strategy Uruguay 2050.

In addition, PAGE has initiated inter-ministerial collaboration for the development of policies to promote green jobs for vulnerable populations, which includes the identification and characterization of "brown" productive activities with a strong link between poverty and environment. In particular PAGE supported the initial characterization of poaching and brick-making activities.

Guyana

Outcome 2: Sectoral Reform

In order to support the development of green industry in Guyana and aid the implementation of the Green State Development Strategy: Vision 2040, PAGE conducted a Green Industry and Trade Assessment, the results of which were validated by stakeholders at a technical workshop held in December 2018.

The results of the workshop were also presented in a Green Conversations that featured information exchange in a dynamic setting as part of the public relations effort to build awareness of the Green State Development Strategy: Vision 2040.

Looking ahead, PAGE will supplement the GITA with additional analysis of priority sectors.

PAGE has also begun work on a Green Jobs Assessment model in Guyana which, when complete, will provide an economy-wide analysis of the sectors with greatest potential for employment and fair work, assessing gaps and analytical challenges, and the foundational concepts of macroeconomic accounting and IOT/SAM-based multiplier analysis. The exercise will also identify measures to better protect the environment. The preparatory mission for implementation of PAGE's Green Jobs Assessment Methodology took place in Georgetown in April 2018.

Also in October 2018, PAGE sponsored a booth for the display of agro-processing products of an indigenous women’s group in the Green Expo and International Small Business Summit.  The Summit provided the platform for experts, entrepreneurs, academia, politicians and the other representatives from 16 countries to exchange information and experiences in green economy initiatives.